decision making

Societal options

Early warning systems

DESCRIPTION Early warning systems (EWS) are usually key elements of climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction, and aim to avoid or reduce the damages caused by hazards. To be effective, EWS need to

Societal options

Modelling, monitoring and forecasting systems

DESCRIPTION Coping with climate variability and change requires availability of timely and reliable climate information, as well as up-to-date information on the occurrence and severity of extreme events, possible impacts and their duration. Systematic